5. 25+ Amazing Antarctica Facts For Kids. Here’s a particularly cool example of Antarctica facts: It even earned Metallica a world record as the only band to play in all 7 continents. While they both have a maximum length of about 10 meters, Colossal Squid can get heavier. Anywhere else on the planet, wind speeds only reach this high during storms and similar weather phenomena. Reply. The USA once built a small nuclear reactor in Antarctica to power the McMurdo Station in 1962. The simple answer is that it's too cold. Well, they didn’t get that name for no reason. Some of the interesting facts about Antarctica which should be known by the masses are as follows: 1. There are at least eight churches used for religious practice in Antarctica. There’s one for hopeful Antarctica facts. As it drifted north, Iceberg B-15 began breaking apart into smaller icebergs. Just like tree rings, they tell how old a layer of ice is, and what happened in that time. Now it seems that the lowest temperature in Antarctica is far below than -89 Celsius. 6. Antarctica is bigger than Europe and almost double the size of … 3. Antarctica is Earth’s southermost continent and contains the South Pole. There is also evidence of rich oil and gas deposits in the waters around the continent. Out in the wilderness, it’s not a problem, since there’s nothing to burn. All personnel sent to Antarctica see a dentist before leaving. Advertising cookies are set to manage how our advertising collect information about your activities on this site, in order to provide you relevant targeted advertising. Your email address will not be published. 10 Weather-Fueled Facts about Antarctica. Captain James Cook crossed the Antarctic Circle three times in the late-18th century. With an elevation of 16,066 feet (4,897 meters), Mount Vinson is known as the highest mountain of Antarctica. The Antarctica Marathon is held every year in February or March. The extreme cold also keeps other species like ants from ever surviving in Antarctica. 2. Scientists exploring this southerly landmass have reported... 3. Doctor Rogozov not only managed to remove his appendix but recovered fully. There are plenty of interesting facts about the southernmost continent. Read also: 20 Facts about North America Society Nature History More. Fishing, is only allowed offshore, and fish farms are not allowed on Antarctica itself. The name entered formal use in the 1890s, through the Scottish mapmaker John Bartholomew. Antarctica only became covered in ice starting around 15 million years ago, as it drifted towards the Earth’s south pole. Fact 1: Antarctica surrounds the South Pole and it is a place of extremes.The coldest, windiest and driest weather conditions occur there. Emperor Penguins are only the most well-known of their kind. While the landscape may seem somewhat desolate to the untrained observer, it is actually one of the most interesting places on earth. According to the researchers, 99% of Antarctica is covered by snow. During his stay, Rogozov developed appendicites. One of the cooler Antarctica facts: Because Antarctica is isolated from the rest of the world, its biodiversity is limited. This lake is about the size of Lake Ontario and is one of more than 200 different bodies of water that has been discovered beneath the ice. The reasons are the same as ants. Scientists claim that if the West Antarctic Ice Sheet were to melt, it would raise global sea levels by about 16 feet. Instead, the people in the research stations on the continent use the time zones of their countries of origin. As a result, Montreal Protocol banned the use of CFCs in 1987. The Ross Ice Shelf - a floating tongue of ice that extends off the continent's main landmass - encompasses more than 510,000 square kilometres and is the largest ice shelf that has ever been discovered. It … However, safety concerns led the USA to decommission the reactor in 1972. Facts about Antarctica’s Climate 3: the ice cap climate. 2. Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. The average thickness of the sheet is 2,160 meters, which is 4,776 meters thick at the best. Scientists are still unsure why the fish evolved this way, since it’s not an adaptation to cold environments. Here are 15 facts about Antarctica and its wildlife that will leave you speechless: 1. No, it’s not the one that sank the Titanic. Antarctica is the coldest and most inhospitable continent on planet Earth. One of the interesting facts about Antarctica relates to its natural resources. Bonus Fact. There’s a misconception that everyone who goes to Antarctica needs to have their appendix and wisdom teeth removed first. Between the continent’s position and the satellite’s orbits, and there’s a daily limit to how long they can use the satellites. Glaciologists study the Antarctic Ice Sheet, learning how it formed and how it affects the land under it. Antarctica’s Climate Picture. Fun Antarctica Facts for Kids. The continent is generally circular in shape and covers the entire South Pole. Contrary to this intense cold , there are also relatively warm regions in Antarctica, such as the … Here, water from the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans merge into one, surrounding the Antarctic continent. Drill samples point to the lake existing as far back as 25 million years ago. Now that’s one for cool Antarctica facts. 2. This reduces their blood’s ability to carry oxygen by over 90%. Antarctica, the southernmost continent on Earth, was not discovered by people until modern times. Bet you didn’t expect that from Antarctica facts? Such conditions make life relatively sparse compared to other regions in the world, but the Antarctic animals that do occupy this frosty landscape are well adapted to handle the incredibly harsh conditions seen regularly by explorers and scientists stationed there. antarctica. The Penguin: Seven Facts About Antarctica’s Most Iconic Bird by Robert C. Brears Blog There are 17 species of penguin, some of which are found as far north as the equator, but only eight penguin species can be seen in Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands: chinstraps, emperors, Adélies, gentoos, kings, Magellanics, rockhoppers, and macaronis. Photo: Audun Dahl. It is one of the most important facts about Antarctica. Between the currents of the lava and the Earth’s oceans acting as a lubricant, these plates move around all the time. This continent was expected to have a landmass equal to that of the northern lands. This makes Antarctic winters and summers colder and warmer than their Arctic counterparts. 25+ Wonderful Antarctica Facts For Kids Antarctica is a unique continent among all the seven continents in this world. Most of us have at least a vague notion of what makes the North and South Poles so brutally, bone-chillingly cold: They receive less sunlight than the rest of the planet, what sunlight they do receive arrives at an angle, and they’re usually buried under endless mounds of … Many scientists think this increase is due to global warming in Antarctica. It was the name given to the Soviet program that put the first man in space, and to a Russian exploration ship in the early-19th century. 40 research stations operate all year round. Study shows that the Transantarctic Mountains have rich coal deposits. Study also shows that while the glacier has existed for around 400,000 years, the lake is older. Wilkins Ice Shelf’s collapse from 2008 to 2009 followed the said trend. Scientists attribute the strange color to the iron deposits underneath the lake, with flowing with the water. Polar bears are exclusive to the Arctic. The other is Villa Las Estrellas on King George Island, founded by Chile. Antarctica is the southernmost continent on Earth. The icy expanse of Antarctica covers more than 5.4 million square miles, making it the fifth-largest continent in the world. 1. The Argentinian government sent Emilio’s mother when she was 7 months pregnant to complete her pregnancy in Antarctica. Antarctica is the best place to go searching for meteorites if you ever find yourself there that is. Pam Young, Jean Pearson, Lois Jones, Eileen McSaveney, Kay Lindsay and Terry Tickhill became the first women to reach the south pole in 1969. 4. While Antarctica is covered in ice, it actually holds one of the world's biggest mountain ranges - the Gamburtsev Mountains - which stretch out more than 1200 kilometres. As of 2018, four small icebergs remain of Iceberg B-15 in the South Atlantic. CFCs strongly-react with ozone, a special molecule of oxygen that prevents ultraviolet (UV) radiation from reaching the surface. 3. In fact, the coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth was -90 ºC at Antarctica's Vostok station. It is one of the remotest places and the least visited place on the planet. Antarctica is, on average, the windiest place on earth. Buried 2 km deep under the ice, the IceCube Neutrino Observatory uses the ice as both a mirror and detector for the small and fast particles. If they melted, it would "spring back" about 500m (1 625 ft). One of the most interesting facts about Antarctica is the contradiction between the dry climate and the amount of water (70% of the water on Earth). Its highest peak rises about 2.7 km, but it’s buried by around 600 meters of ice and snow. It is almost double These lights are caused by high-energy particles from the Sun slipping through the Earth’s magnetic field and hitting the atmosphere. This is a surprise to some people – including me. Drones tend to disturb the wildlife, so they’re not allowed on the continent. At their heaviest, Giant Squid only weighs at most 275 kg. Facts about Antarctica Climate. This removes the risk of them developing appendicitis while in Antarctica. With the lowest number of permanent residents in the country, Antarctica has to be one of the most amazing places which could be visited by humans. This hypothesis draws from the way inland ice sheets stay unaffected by global warming so far. Analytics cookies collect information about your use of the site, and enable us to improve the way it works. This higher elevation is partly due to the fact that most of Antarctica is in the east. 15 Interesting Facts About Antarctica. It is the fifth largest continent ahead of Europe and is almost twice the size of Australia. Antarctica is a desert Facts about Antarctica Climate Even though Antarctica holds 70% of the fresh water on the planet in the form of ice, it is still considered a desert region (arctic desert to be more specific) as it only receives less than 6.5 inches or (166mm) of rain each year. Scientists speculate that it could be even larger, but further exploration is required to learn the true boundaries of this massive rift. Photo: Audun Dahl. Børge Ousland became the first man to cross Antarctica alone from 1996 to 1997. As a result, Rogozov had to do surgery on himself, with only limited anesthesia. Lose some. Despite this, there’s been no development at all of the Antarctic lands, as per international treaty forbidding such development. It is one of the remotest places and the least visited place on the planet. Antartica continent also plays a vital role in protecting earth from global warming. Depending on the season, there are only between 1000 to 5000 people in Antarctica. On other continents, warm and moist conditions easily weather landing meteorites. There was no rain there for 2 million years! If the dentist declares there’s a risk of major teeth issues in the time they’re planned to stay in Antarctica, then it must get resolved before departure. Antarctic ice fish are the only vertebrates with no red blood cells. Animals with glycoproteins include the Antarctic eelpout, inland bacteria, and lichens. Study shows the thickness of the ice is about 4 km to the lake’s surface. One common chemical used in early refrigerators, freezers, and air conditioners were chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Antarctica Facts - Fauna/Wildlife: There are not many species living on the Antarctic continent. Scientists say they live in the upper layers of the ice sheets, where they live in cycles of freezing and melting. This mountain range has been dubbed the Ghost Mountains because its entirely buried under ice and snow. There are 3 reasons for this: First is that the Arctic is only ice floating on water. Indicative of this warming trend is the fact that four ice shelves on the peninsula are melting rapidly. 9. Temperatures reached a peak of 18.3°C, beating the 2015 record of 17.5°C. Even the hottest desert in the world sees more rain than the Dry Valleys (photo), a region in Antarctica. They did this in hopes of claiming Antarctic soil as their territory. You just have to know where to look, just like these Antarctica facts. Here are 25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Antarctica. Melting of ice sheets don’t add to ocean levels, as they’re already part of the global balance. What would be rain falls as snow instead, but not very much of that falls either, Antarctica is classed as a desert as so little snow falls, it's just that being so cold, it doesn't go anywhere and so builds up until it's kilometers thick. The bar retains the old name of Faraday Bar, even after the rest of the station switched to a Ukrainian name. The most recent case was a huge jump in temperatures early in 2020. Air New Zealand Flight 901 was an aerial tour of Antarctica from Auckland. Antarctica is the fifth-largest of the seven continents and it doubles in size during the winter due to the sea ice that forms along its coastline. 10 physical features of Antarctica that will amaze you. Thinner areas called ice sheets melt in summer only to freeze again in winter. Iceberg B-15 broke off from the Ross Ice Shelf in March 2000 and drifted north into the Atlantic Ocean. The continent is so vast that it may seem that scientists are just beginning to explore its large territories and hidden treasures. Mount Erebus in Antarctica is the southernmost active volcano on Earth. Earth’s crust is divided into a series of plates, including the continents. 25 Interesting Facts About Antarctica:-Antarctica is that the largest desert within the world. The ice on Antarctica isn’t smooth and uniform no matter what your eyes tell you. Read also: 10 South America Facts History Languages Nature More. This is the result of global warming, the heating of the planet as a whole by humans putting more and more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. The human inhabitants who occupy these facilities number around 4,000 during the summer months and only 1,000 during the long, harsh winters. By Andrea Thompson - Climate Central 10 March 2014. To protect the environment, the band played in a private room, with sound and images broadcast to audiences across the continent. You only have to look. 11. Almost the entire continent is covered with ice, with only less than half a percent not frozen. Iron ore is also plentiful in the Princes Charles Mountains. Sign up for our newsletter to receive special offers and new itineraries first. 2/ Antarctica is pushed into the earth by the weight of its ice sheets. Even though Antarctica holds 70% of the fresh water on the planet in the form of ice, it is still considered a desert region (arctic desert to be more specific) as it only receives less than 6.5 inches or (166mm) of rain each year. How’s that for unique Antarctica facts? ANTARCTICA IS THE COLDEST PLACE ON EARTH The annual average temperature is -58° F. Aurora borealis, also known as northern or southern lights, appear as shimmering ribbons of light in the atmosphere. They also say they expect the hole to close in full by 2070. This continent is the driest place on the planet. Antarctica is about 5.5 million square miles (14.2 million square km) in size, and thick ice covers about 98 percent of the land. The Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, the USA, Greenland, Norway, Finland, Sweden and Iceland. Arctic facts. The reactor also provided heat to melt ice for water, and to purify wastewater for reuse. However, it poses a threat to research stations. 3. Seasons in … Average wind speeds reach up to 320 km/h. There is some truth to the urban legend, since doctors need to get their appendix removed before getting posted to Antarctica. The collapse of the Larsen-B Ice Shelf in 2002 alarmed scientists as the beginning of a dangerous trend. Studies conducted from 1957 to 2006 show that temperatures rose by 0.05 degrees Celsius per decade in those years. Instead, there is and abuncande of lichen and, 16 Africa Facts Culture Tribes History More, Best 20 Facts about Asia History Landscape Cities More, 20 Facts about North America Society Nature History More, 10 South America Facts History Languages Nature More. Scientists exploring this southerly landmass have reported wind speeds that have reached up to 200 miles per hour. Whether it’s snakes, lizards, or any other reptiles, you won’t find any of them in Antarctica. Located in West Antarctica, Mount Vinson stands at a height of 4.89 km high. Wisdom teeth removal depends on whether or not the dentist prescribes it. One is Esperanza Base on Trinity Peninsular, which was founded by Argentina. Antarctica’s undeveloped state means the skies above the continent are the clearest in the world. The rest of the continent make up East Antarctica. In the wild, they hunt birds, fish, and even their own kind. If Antarctica’s ice sheet melted, the world’s oceans would rise by 60 to 65 meters. While being good coolants, they had a dangerous side-effect in the atmosphere. Map showing the three regions of Antarctica. Tourists go to Antarctica without having to lose any body part at all. On the southern-most tip of the planet rests one of the world's most massive and mysterious landmasses - the frozen realm of Antarctica. Only a very few people are aware of the fact that Antarctica also a dessert which hasn’t received any kind of rain or snowfall for 2 million years. Leonid Rogozov was assigned to Novolazarevskaya Station from 1960 to 1961. No, it’s not actual ethylene glycol, which is poisonous. Other animal life on Antarctica includes several species of seals, birds, and of course fish and shellfish. Instead, their blood plasma dissolves oxygen and carries it around in their bodies. The ice fish compensates with a slow metabolism and the fact that oxygen is more soluble in cold than warm water. An incredible 60-90% of the world’s fresh water is locked in Antarctica’s vast ice sheet.