In summary, this revision increases critical habitat from 12,150 acres to 24,527 acres of coastal beach-dune ecosystem habitat along the Pacific Coast essential to the survival and recovery of the snowy plover. Federal status. Pacific coast population of the Western Snowy Plover. They nest in dry open sand, in tiny, shallow scrapes that are very well camouflaged. Only adult birds are counted. For the last few decades the snowy plover population has declined, mostly due to habitat loss by human encroachment and environmental degradation. Here, we reassess population genetic structure and identify those populations of highest conservation value in the threatened snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus, Cassin, 1858), a partial migrant shorebird endemic to the Americas. Once numbering in the thousands, fewer than 1,500 breeding plovers remain in California. Food is typically obtained by a run-and-pause technique, though birds have been known to probe sand and chase insects near carcasses. The snowy plover was listed by the Washington Wildlife Commission as a State Endangered species in 1981. Western Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus ssp. The USFWS now lists six beaches in LAC and three beaches (and the Bolsa Chica Reserve - Subunits CA46 B-F) in OC as critical habitat for the Snowy Plover (USFWS 2012). Physically, snowy plovers are shorter-legged, paler and greyer above than their Old World sister species, and breeding males lack a rufous cap. Today, the Pacific coast western snowy plover population is estimated at around 2,900 breeding birds compared to 1,780 in the early 1990s. Click below to download (in. The Pacific Coast population of the Western Snowy Plover was listed as "threatened" under the Endangered Species Act in 1993 because … Fish and Wildlife Service 1993). It nests in a ground scrape and lays three to five eggs.[5]. The Pacific coast population of the Western Snowy Plover was listed as federally threatened in 1993 (USFWS 1993). The eye mask is also poorly developed or absent. The San Luis Obispo Coast District of California State Parks has been carrying out monitoring, public education, and enforcement of regulations for several years in an effort to promote recovery of the plover population. Help secure the future for birds at risk from climate change, habitat loss and other threats. Click below to download (in Adobe PDF format): In May 2012, the USFWS revised the Critical Habitat designation for coastal California, Washington, and Oregon (download). [7] In 2016, risk assessments by the IUCN listed the snowy plover as near threatened and found that the species had an overall decreasing population trend. Washington's snowy plover population is very small and vulnerable to a variety of impacts, such as predators, adverse weather, shoreline modification, dune stabilization, and recreational activities. Program Overview. Delineating conservation units is a complex and often controversial process that is particularly challenging for highly vagile species. Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) lists the Western Snowy Plover as threatened throughout the state (ODFW 2009). Spread the word. Endangered Species Act. It is also used to notify other Federal agencies of areas that must be given special consideration when they are planning, implementing, or funding activities that may affect designated critical habitat. They are small, sand-colored birds that sit in foot prints and tire tracks along the wrackline and mid-beach areas. The Western Snowy Plover is a small, light colored ground-nesting shorebird with black or dark brown markings on the head and breast. USFWS narrows the survey down to the extent possible to reduce the potential for double-counting, while still catching the peak of the breeding season. OUR WORK. SNOWY PLOVER (Charadrius alexandrinus) (interior population) W. David Shuford, Sue Abbott, ... nesting population in western North America is … Snowy plovers raise their young on unraked beaches in Coronado, Silver Strand and Imperial Beach. The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is currently endeavoring to rehabilitate snowy plover populations by protecting beaches along the central California coastline that runs along part of the university campus. The Western Snowy Plover was listed as threatened under the Federal Endangered Species Act 1993.In Oregon, this species historically bred at a minimum of 21 locations on the coast but by 2003 Western Snowy Plover were only … In 2011, the Snowy Plover population in Oregon was at a record 214 adults and 168 fledglings, much better than simply 35 adults in 1992. Western Snowy Plover Conservation. Genetic research published in 2009 strongly suggested that the snowy plover is a separate species from the Kentish plover,[4] and by July, 2011, the International Ornithological Congress (IOC), and the American Ornithologists' Union (AOU) North American committee have recognized them as separate species. The snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus) is a small wader in the plover bird family, typically about 5-7" in length. Winter surveys are conducted in early January. The USFWS states that critical habitat, as defined by the Endangered Species Act, “identifies geographic areas containing features essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species, and which may require special management considerations or protection. [11], Coastal snowy plovers will hunt both close to the water's edge, as well as in drier, sandier areas. As of June 19, 2012, the habitat along the California, Oregon, and Washington Coasts have been listed as critical. The Pacific Coast population of the Western Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus nivosus) was listed as threatened in 1993 under the U.S. Author(s): Page, Gary W., and Lynne E. Stenzel. Threatened. The western snowy plover is a threatened small shorebird, approximately the size of a sparrow. The Western snowy plover population was once widespread along Pacific Coast, from Washington to Baja California. Also available in Español. Fish and Wildlife Service Western Snowy Plover page: https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp0/profile/speciesProfile?sId=8035, Arcata Fish and Wildlife Service Snowy Plover site (including annual site reports by state): http://www.fws.gov/arcata/es/birds/WSP/plover.html. In North America, the snowy plover breeds from Texas and Oklahoma west to California and up the coastline to Oregon and Washington. The Pacific coast population of the western snowy plover was listed as Threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act in April 1993. Since then, population recovery status has been assessed annually through range-wide breeding and winter season window surveys. Plover Protection. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us, Tracking the road back for this threatened shorebird. The chart below show recent breeding population status of the US. Western Snowy Plover and California Least Tern Oceano Dunes SVRA, a popular OHV park with over 1.6 million visitors per year, is an important breeding site for two special-status ground nesting birds—the state and federally endangered California least tern and the federally threatened Western snowy plover. nivosus) Citation: The breeding status of the snowy plover in California. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. [12] The species primarily feeds on invertebrates, such as crustaceans, worms, beetles, and especially flies. Unfortunately the western snowy plover is far from safe. Inland birds favor damp, wetter environments. Fish & Wildlife Service. [13], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Snowy Plover Identification, All About Birds, Cornell Lab of Ornithology", "Rare birds find Southern California beach housing", "Recovery Plan for the Pacific Coast Population of the Western Snowy Plover (, "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Charadrius nivosus", "2003 UCSB Press Release on snowy plovers", "Vandenberg Air Force Base reopens beaches with end of snowy plover season", "Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds", Western Snowy Plover - Tools and Resources for Recovery, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Snowy_plover&oldid=990497261, Articles needing additional references from September 2008, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 20:30. The chart below show recent breeding population status of the US. Western Snowy Plover. Snowy Plover are listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, and the Pacific coast population is listed as threatened in the U.S. and Mexico, and is on the 2014 State of the Birds Watch List, which lists bird species that are at risk of There has been a recovery plan made for the Western Snowy Plover. State status. National Audubon Society Snowy plovers are small white and gray shorebirds. Enjoy DIY activities that can be done at home or in a yard or park to give your child space to explore and feel connected to the natural world. It’s the least you can do. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. To help ensure its recovery and save it from prime threats such as sea-level rise, it needs an adequate amount of federally protected critical habitat — which was proposed in March 2011 to the tune of more than 28,000 acres, due to a Center petition and two lawsuits. [9] UCSB has had some success in encouraging reproduction; the university also often trains students and other volunteers to watch over protected beaches during the daytime to ensure no one disturbs nesting grounds. The western snowy plover is listed as a "species of special concern" by the State of California. Relying on camouflage to evade predators, they usually go unnoticed by beachgoers and beach drivers. Snowy plovers lay their three eggs in depressions scraped in the sand of beaches, dunes, or salt flats. Pacific coast population of the Western Snowy Plover. More than likely the Snowy Plover will be restricted to the Gulf and Pacific Coasts. Interior-breeding birds utilize alkaline flats and salt pans associated with springs, seeps, or lake edges (Northern Basin and Range ecoregion). Breeding birds in warmer countries are largely sedentary, but northern and inland populations are migratory, wintering south to the tropics. Snowy plovers were listed as endangered under Washington Department of Game Policy No. Surveys rely on volunteers! The final recovery plan for the Pacific Coast Population of the Western Snowy Plover, completed in 2007, is available from the U.S. Snowy Plovers and led to the listing of the Pacific Coast Population of Western Snowy Plovers as threatened on March 5, 1993 (U.S. Access to these beaches is limited to certain times of the year, and very specific areas are open to keep the bird protected. Official Status: Threatened, the Pacific Coast population of the western snowy plover is federally listed under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 as threatened.The western snowy plover is a Bird Species of Special Concern in California. Only adult birds are counted. The Pacific Coast population of the Western Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus nivosus) is listed as threatened and has been the target of long-term, multi-pronged management in Oregon. The Western Snowy Plover, Charadrius nivosus nivosus, is a shorebird that inhabits beaches and lake shores. USFWS narrows the survey down to the extent possible to reduce the potential for double-counting, while still catching the peak of the breeding season. But even with the conservation efforts their population is slowly dwindling, it's estimated that only about 2,500 western snowy plovers breed along the Pacific Coast. The snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus) is a small wader in the plover bird family, typically about 5-7" in length.It breeds in Ecuador, Peru, Chile, the southern and western United States and the Caribbean.Long considered to be a subspecies of the Kentish plover, it is now known to be a distinct species. Audubon California Newsletter comes to your inbox monthly with breaking news and important conservation updates from our state. Standley said that although there have been some short term population declines attributed to unseasonably cold winters and site-specific predation, surveys indicate an overall upward trend. Previous genetic analyses for a limited sampling of snowy plovers in North America and Puerto Rico found some support for recognition of two subspecies, but little support for a distinct Pacific Coast population of western snowy plovers (Gorman 2000). Western snowy plover (Charadrius nivosus) Category. [8] In many parts of the world, it has become difficult for this species to breed on beaches because of disturbance from the activities of humans or their animals. The Western Snowy Plover is a Federally Threatened species found on Los Angeles County beaches. Support for [10], The beaches lining Vandenberg Air Force Base on the Central coast of California are also home to several protected areas where breeding has been successful in recent years. On March 5, 1993 the western snowy plover was listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Alejandra Salazar Ecology Dr. Dugo October 23, 2017 Population Report on The Snowy Plover General Description The snowy plover can be found on beaches and barren ground. Because of a decline in active nesting colonies and breeding and wintering populations the pacific coast population of snowy plovers was listed as threatened in 1993. Most of these beaches are only open to military personnel and their families. Draw raptors, garden birds, and waterbirds in this free 3-class series with the author of "Laws Guide to Drawing Birds". Winter surveys are conducted in early January. Birds. nivosus formerly Charadrius alexandrinus ssp. It is estimated that at the time the plover was listed, approximately 1,500 western snowy plovers nested in the United States. Not only are nests easy to miss (or step on), but the bird will abandon its eggs if disturbed too frequently. Species Recovery: When it comes to the recovery of the Western Snowy Plover, these birds are in good hands. Still, it is far larger than the young population at Crissy Field, which remains tiny but seems to be increasing slightly over time. The Oregon coastal population has been intensively monitored since 1990, and over 80% of the population … The overwintering Western Snowy Plover population on Ocean Beach has generally remained smaller than what it was at the start of the monitoring program. 2019 5-year Review for Western Snowy Plover 6 Los Angeles, Orange, and San Diego (CA); RU6 -the circa-1997 population baseline was 316 adults. Your support will power our science, education, advocacy and on-the-ground conservation efforts. INFORMATION ON SNOWY PLOVER BREEDING AND WINTERING LOCATIONS This appendix provides information on numbers of breeding and wintering snowy plovers at specific locations along the U.S. Pacific coast (Table B-1). Fish & Wildlife Service. Breeding and winter season survey data is available to download for California, Oregon, and Washington. They spend their lives on the coastline of the Pacific, ranging from Baja, Mexico to Washington, living and nesting on open beaches. Breeding and winter season survey data is available to download for California, Oregon, and Washington, http://www.fws.gov/arcata/es/birds/WSP/plover.html, https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp0/profile/speciesProfile?sId=8035, How the Presidential Election Impacts California's Birds, Climate, and Communities. Breeding and winter season survey data is available to download for California, Oregon, and Washington. These locations are important for the recovery of the Pacific coast population of the western snowy plover. Breeding survey data is based on an annual “window survey” that extends from the latter part of May, through mid-June. The final recovery plan for the Pacific Coast Population of the Western Snowy Plover, completed in 2007, is available from the U.S. the snowy plover is also under consideration for listing under the ESA. The chart below show recent breeding population status of the US. Breeding survey data is based on an annual “window survey” that extends from the latter part of May, through mid-June. Western Snowy Plovers use sandy and sparsely-vegetated shoreline above the high tide line for nesting. The western snowy plover is a species protected by both federal and state statute. During the breeding season between March 15 and September 15 dry sand beach areas are The Snowy Plover became extinct on March 5, 1993 and should be unlisted from the endangered species in California list by 2047. U.S. The Western Snowy Plover is one of two Snowy Plover subspecies recognized in North America. Other taxonomic committees are reviewing the relationship. The species may only be off this list by then if we help the Snowy Plovers recover. Critical Habitat for the Snowy Plover was revised in June 2012. The snowy plover breeds on sandy coasts and brackish inland lakes, and is uncommon on fresh water. They prefer sandy beaches with intertidal areas for foraging (Coast Range, Nearshore ecoregions). Maps and other snowy plover information are available here: http://www.fws.gov/arcata/es/birds/WSP/plover.html. [2] It breeds in Ecuador, Peru, Chile, the southern and western United States and the Caribbean. The recovery … Designation of critical habitat does not affect land ownership, establish a refuge or preserve and has no impact on private landowners taking actions on their land that do not require federal funding or permits. Consider helping out by going to our volunteer page. Long considered to be a subspecies of the Kentish plover, it is now known to be a distinct species. Endangered. The snowy plover can be found across North and South America, Eurasia, and Africa. Pacific coast population of the Western Snowy Plover. The coastal form's primary breeding concentration is in central and southern California.[6].